The Golden Casket Art Union

In 1929, the “Dead Stiff” syndicate based in Sankey Street (see previous post John Sankey and Sankey Street), Highgate Hill won first prize in the State Government run Golden Casket Art Union. Lists of winning numbers were eagerly awaited each week and no doubt greatly assisted newspaper sales.

Golden casket Art Union Sankey Street 1929

A lucky Sankey Street Syndicate wins 5,000 pounds in 1929 (via TROVE)

The £5,000 prize money in 1929 could have purchased three average suburban houses.

Lotteries with cash prizes were illegal in Queensland up to 1931 and for this reason prizes were often works of art, giving rise to the name “Art Union”. In 1917, the first Golden Casket  took place under the auspices of the Queensland Patriotic Fund. The prize of gold was on display in a casket or jewelry case, giving rise to the “Golden Casket” name.

To get around the cash prohibition, all the prizes were in gold and the Government turned a blind eye. At that time Australia’s currency was composed of high purity gold and silver coins. Although paper currency was introduced in 1913, gold sovereigns continued to be minted until 1931.

1893 australian gold sovereign

An 1893 Australian minted Gold Sovereign

The proceeds of the first lotteries went to support returning soldiers and to provide housing for war widows.

Anzac workers building cottages for returned soldiers at Enoggera 1917

Cottages funded by the Golden Casket Enoggera 1917 (State Library of Queensland)

From 1920, the State Government took over running the lotteries.  This was extremely controversial at the time as there was widespread community opposition to gambling in any form. However, the State Government finances under a Labor Party intent on nationalizing industries were in a parlous condition.

The amount of money involved created temptation. In 1924, for example, two clerks working in the Golden Casket Office were convicted of stealing over £400 by falsifying ticket numbers. In 1932, a scam was uncovered involving a boy at the drawing who was found to have in his possession one of the marbles used to determine the winning numbers.

golden casket fraud Truth 20 september 1932

Truth (Brisbane) November 20,1932. (TROVE)

All proceeds of the Casket went to support hospitals, baby clinics, bush nursing, kindergartens and so on. The Brisbane Women’s hospital was constructed in 1938 using funds of £238,000 from Golden Casket profits. Hospital treatment was also free for Queenslanders. Other states eventually followed Queensland’s lead, introducing lotteries through the 1930s.

Brisbane Women's Hospital 1938

The Brisbane Women’s Hospital under construction in 1938 (State Library of Queensland)

In 2007, the Golden Casket lottery was sold to the Tatts Group for $530M.

A few other lucky Highgate Hill residents took first prize over the years. In 1944, K. Heffernan of Gordon Street won as did Mrs J. Spode in 1950.

Golden casket winner Highgate Hill

Truth Brisbane 17th December 1950 via TROVE

John Hutchinson of Rosecliffe Street also won first prize but had to wait the 20 months until he turned 21 years of age to collect his prize.

Casket winner waits til 21 years old 1953

Brisbane Truth, Sunday 11th October 1953 (TROVE)

Further Reading :

“Motherhood and the Golden Casket : An Odd Couple”

History of the Golden Casket Lottery



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