The break up of large blocks
In the 1880s, fuelled by increasing immigration and investment, Brisbane was growing at a colossal rate. Immigration from Britain to Queensland was second only to Canada.
In the 10 years between 1881 and 1891, the population surged from 37,000 to 88,000, an increase of 137%. There was a resulting ongoing strong demand for residential land and the large blocks purchased back in initial land sales in the 1860s were gradually broken up. These were typically around 6 to 9 acres. Some owners owned adjacent blocks giving rise to larger subdivisions.
Usually sales were by auction with most lots sold on the day. Lunch was often provided.
Typical of this was the large block situated on Highgate Hill owned by Edmund Sheppard, subdivided into 215 allotments. It occupied the land between Gladstone Road, Dornoch Terrace, Dauphin Terrace and the river including today’s Hazelwood, Brydon, Beaconsfield, Roseberry and Derby Streets.
Judge Edmund Sheppard was born in Somerset, England and came to Queensland via Sydney. He was Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court of Queensland from 1874 until 1882. He lived in his house “Hazelwood” until he returned to England on absence due to ill health. The house was located well back from Gladstone Road on today’s Beaconsfield Street, with fine views of the Brisbane River.
The court complex in Townsville, opened in 1975, was named after Sheppard in recognition of his being the first Northern Judge of the court.
The land sale took place after his death and the estate and associated street took their name, Hazlewood, from that of his house.
Typically, a sale took place on the weekend with all blocks being up for auction.
The advertisements made a feature of the fine views across the city, of the river and of distant mountains. The copywriter, who I doubt was one who walked around town, hopefully stated that “The distance from Victoria Bridge is no more than a comfortable 15 minutes’ walk”. Luckily, there was also the omnibus service operated by James Clarke that travelled along Gladstone Road to Bower Street. This service continued until the introduction of electric trams on the route in 1901 (see my post Tram Assists Horse Drawn Dray Highgate Hill 1926 ).
Terms for purchase of the blocks on sale were one quarter cash with the balance to be paid in 6 payments to be made over 18 months, with outstanding amounts subject to 8% interest.
On the day, 52 of the 215 allotments were sold at an average of £73. The sale was one of 5 similar ones reported in the following Monday’s newspapers.
Often street addresses retained the estate name for many years. Twenty years after this sale, for example, there are still references to Hazelwood Estate, Highgate Hill.
The Bell family
The house “Hazelwood” was later occupied by John Bell and his family. After being in business in Scotland for some 33 years, they migrated to Brisbane. Bell ran a wholesale woollen and soft goods business from his warehouse in Elizabeth Street. The building was the work of noted architect Robin Dodds. Another of his Highgate Hill designs is discussed in my post James Allen, Brisbane Retail Pioneer .
According to his 1911 obituary, Bell was also a widely acknowledged expert on birds.
The Bell family put the house up for sale in 1925.
It seems, however, that the house was not sold at this time as members of the Bell family were living there until at least 1938.
With the high rate of growth in the city, adequate services often lagged behind. Roads were a major problem. The two items below, for example, appeared in the list of correspondence to the Woolloongabba Divisional Board a few years after the estate sale.
Water was also a major problem until the completion of the Highgate Hill service reservoir two years later in 1889, located adjacent to this particular estate (see my post Highgate Hill Reservoir 1889 ).