Of Tobacconists, Brewers and Other Things

In 1880, the Frenchman Emile Gaujard purchased a block of residential land towards the top of Franklin street, Highgate Hill.  He was from Orleans and had travelled to the gold fields of Victoria in 1853 where he worked as a merchant. Emile with his wife Sarah and daughter Helene arrived in Brisbane in 1864. He ran various tobacconist businesses and for some time was in a partnership with James Elson in a combined tobacconist and hairdressing business called “The Divan”.

Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Tuesday 5 May 1868, page

Brisbane Courier 5th May 1868 (TROVE)

He had an early setback when his Queen Street premises was destroyed in the great fire of 1864 but much of his stock was saved thanks to ready helpers. He was insured and soon back in business. The shop was located at number 58, near the corner of George Street.

Brisbane great fire 1864 drawing

Brisbane Courier 25th January 1928 (TROVE) Gaujard’s shop is at number 2

Emile Gaujard's tobacconist shop in Queen Street ca 1873 (State Library of Queensland)

Emile Gaujard’s tobacconist shop in Queen Street ca 1873 (State Library of Queensland)

The Divan was a place where men gathered to smoke but also converse and play chess and draughts. In the unfortunately indistinct photo below from 1874, Emile Gaujard is on the left paying chess with Charley Abraham who took over the business from Emile.

Gaujard and Abraham chess match Divan Brisbane 1874

Emile Gaujard and Charley Abraham playing chess in 1874. (Brisbane Courier 16th September 1874 TROVE)

Emile also invested in real estate and one of his last projects was Brighton Terrace in Sussex Street, adjacent to Franklin Street. He built this in 1889 as a rental investment. The building has survived and is on the State Heritage Register.

Emile’s wife Sarah (nee Curtis) passed away in 1879, leaving him with his 22 year old daughter Helene as his only family. In 1884, Helene married George Bruce-Nicol who she had met when they were neighbours living in Grey Street, South Brisbane. Born in Glasgow, he had worked for some years with the British – India mail service and after many trips to Brisbane, decided to settle here.

George Bruce-Nicol

George Bruce-Nicol from Queensland Figaro 16th August 1906 (TROVE)

In around 1888 they built the charming house “Marly” on the land that Emile had purchased in Franklin Street. The couple had two sons and 3 daughters between 1884 and 1891. Sadly the last daughter, Essie Evelyn, died in her first year.

Emile lived with the family for some time before his death in 1890.

'Marly

‘Marly’, Franklin Street in 2018.

An idea of Brisbane’s Edwardian society can be gained from this clipping from the social pages of the Telegraph newspaper.

Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld. : 1872 - 1947), Saturday 29 May 1909,

Telegraph (Brisbane) Saturday 29th May 1909.

The girls were, of course, both debutantes.

stella bruce nicol as debutante 1908

Stella Bruce Nicol as a Debutante The Week (Brisbane) 15th May 1908 (TROVE)

In 1886 George, in partnership with a brewer called Charles Lanfear, established the West End Brewery.

Despite its name, the brewery was located in South Brisbane in Montague Road between Merivale and Cordelia Streets. The imposing building was a prominent landmark for many years. Being located on low ground next to the river, the brewery was badly damaged in the 1893 floods.

west end brewery in 1893 flood Brisbane

The West End brewery during the 1893 flood before the major damage was inflicted (State Library of Queensland)

The flood carried away some 500 barrels of beer, much to the delight of those living near the river.

west end brewery brisbane 1893 floods drunkenness

Brisbane Courier Monday 6th February 1893 (TROVE)

The brewery tower survived, and new buildings were erected in a matching style.

West End Brewery after floods Brisbane 1893 blog

Flood damage in South Brisbane, 1893. State Library of Queensland

west end brewery brisbane

Brisbane’s West End Brewery after being rebuilt following the 1893 flood. (State Library of Queensland)

In 1895 the quality of the beer dropped drastically for some months and sales plummeted. Some months later the brewer Lanfear, who was held responsible, was sacked. He later unsuccessfully tried to sue the company for libel and unfair dismissal.

The business recovered after some years and in 1906 was still prosperous and paying 10% dividends. In 1908, the company purchased an adjacent acre of land to establish a  brewery to produce lager.

George Bruce-Nicol remained as chairman and managing director of the brewery right through until 1914 at which time it seems to have ceased trading. Bruce-Nicol died a few years later in 1917.

west end brewery liquidation sale 1914

Telegraph (Brisbane) 27th January 1914 (TROVE)

From a study of Post Office Directories, it seems that the brewery building remained empty for many years. In the 1920s, Evans Deakin Pty. Ltd. established a workshop on the other side of Montague Road.  The company purchased the old Brewery buildings around 1945 as their need for space increased. They were still standing in 1953 when the chimney was demolished to make way for a new workshop.

By the early 1960s, only a section remained, with an original brewery wall being incorporated into a new Evans Deakin workshop building.

West End Brewery ca 1960 (John Oxley Library courtesy of EDI Downer Pty Ltd)

The remaining part of West End Brewery facing Merivale Street ca. 1960. (John Oxley Library, courtesy of EDI Downer Pty Ltd)

Here’s a Google Earth screen shot of the same spot today. Some of the Evans Deakin buildings remain, now used by the Queensland Theatre Company. An “L” shaped end wall of the brewery which was incorporated into one of these remains there today.

brewery site arial view 2018 ellipse

The remaining piece of brewery wall is imbedded in the Queensland Theatre Company’s complex. (Google Earth)

The remaining brewery buildings were demolished, probably in the 1960s.

West end Brewery Demolition ca 1960 (John Oxley Library courtesy of EDI Downer Pty Ltd)

West End brewery demolition ca. 1960. (John Oxley Library courtesy of EDI Downer Pty Ltd)

A small section of the remaining brewery brickwork is visible from Cordelia Street.

brisbane west end brewery remaining brick work

A small section of the red brewery brickwork remains as part of the Queensland Theatre. Company building.

After George’s death in 1917, Helene, along with her daughters Corinne and Stella, moved to New Farm. She sold the Franklin Street house ‘Marly’ to the Anglican Church who used it as a maternity hospital. It was called the Sumner Hospital in honour of the founder of the Mothers Union, Mary Sumner.  The Church eventually sold the property in 1938, subdividing the land in the process.

Helene was well known in Brisbane as a philanthropist. During the First World War, she and her daughters were heavily involved with the Red Cross and established a local French Red Cross fund.

Stella Bruce-Nicol french award

Brisbane Courier 1st May 1924 (TROVE)

According to one obituary, Helene had studied art and music in France.  There’s certainly a record of her travelling to Europe with her father Emile and returning 8 months later on board the Orient Line ship “Potosi” in 1882.

The “Potosi”, operated by the Orient Line (“The Advent of Steam”, editor Robert Gardiner )

Helene used her talents to assist various charities and was also a winner of prizes at Brisbane Shows.

Her eldest daughter Corinne married Commander Rowland Griffiths Bowen  of the RAN and moved to Perth. Bowen had become well known by his actions in New Guinea in 1914 leading to Australian occupation of the German colony without opposition.

Stella never married and lived with her mother Helene until the latter’s death in 1929. Stella took up similar philanthropic interests as her mother and they jointly were strong supporters of St. Martin’s Hospital, St Margaret’s School and the Mission to Seamen.

Stella also had a career as a journalist. She was on the editorial staff of the “Queenslander” magazine in charge of the women’s and children’s departments.

Amongst other work, she wrote a women’s column called “Fileuse”. In this example, she discusses the undoubtedly controversial topic in 1928 of women continuing their careers after marriage, quoting Margaret Haig Thomas or Lady Rhondda, the British suffragette.

Stella bruce Nicol articlwe Quenslander Fileuse

An example of Stella Nicol’s coulumn “Fileuse”  in the Queenslander 9th February 1928 (TROVE)

As “Aunt Fileuse”, she ran a very popular children’s pen friend column.

Aunt Fileuse Queenslander Stella bruce Nicol

Queenslander 1st November 1928. (TROVE)

Stella died in 1930 at just 42 years of age in St. Martin’s Hospital, which she had done much to bring into existence through her fund raising work.

Saint martins hospital brisbane

Saint Martin’s Hospital – now St. Martin’s House.

Her death and funeral received wide coverage with one newspaper even publishing  three photos of her funeral. A memorial reredos or altar piece was installed in the Seaman’s Chapel in Petrie Bight.

A family grave in South Brisbane cemetery is the resting place of Emile, Sarah, George , Helene, Stella and baby Essie. Unfortunately I have been unable to find the grave. Perhaps it was a victim of the Council’s 1970s  “beautification scheme” .

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